You can produce better embroidery when you understand underlay. How it functions and what are its attributes will help you to know whether one design can fit with the target fabric or not.
What is Underlay: It is the material that acts as the skeleton for any embroidery design. It supports the design like bones support your body. It is the foundation of the design and keeps it stable. It is important for better embroidery. It smoothes the base and removes unwanted ripples. It is also called as underlayer or understitching.
Why To Use An Underlay:
There are two basic reasons to use underlay:
• Provides stability to the fabric
• Support the top stitching
In simple words, it is basting the fabric to the stabilizer. In the sewing process, fabric shifts a lot. Using the underlay is helpful in reducing this shift. The machine thread tensions also cause distortion that can be reduced with the use of underlay. Even when your fabric is very unstable, you can make it stable with the use of it.
The crisp of the top stitching remains because of the underlay. It provides the fine edges and prevents the stitches to sink in the fabric.
If you want your design to be the same, don’t remove the underlay. Removing it will only make it stand free and your design may disintegrate. It is said that removing of underlay lowers the thickness of design and stitch count. If you are sewing on the non-fabric items then underlay is not so important. In these items, using it could only produce harm to your final project. How to add the underlay also matters. First learn how to use it because if it isn’t rightly placed, it may affect the design quality.
When Underlay is needed?
In designs like redwork and quilting, underlay is not required. Running stitches are not known to cause fabric distortion. When you use underlay in these designs, you cannot hide it.
When to use more Underlay:
Corduroy or terry cloth like fabrics that are lofty required more underlay. No matter which embroidery machine you are using. When you are using the original design or making your own, adding underlay to your fabric will only make it better and improve your embroidery. For some fabrics, you may need to alter the settings of your embroidery machine. It is a necessary thing which when added only produces better results.
Use of underlay in the embroidery is quite evident. This is the need when you want to produce the better end result but it is also important that you must know when to use it and when not. Sometimes, using the underlay could also produce harm to your design and many times, its sole purpose is to support the top stitching and maintain the design. Optimization of underlay is the time consuming process so it is up to you to decide whether this design or fabric is worthy of your extra time.